Hippie (sometimes spelled "hippy") refers to a member of a subgroup of the counterculture that originated on college campuses in the United States during the early 1960s and expanding to other countries around the world.
In January 1967, the Human Be-In in Golden Gate Park in San Francisco popularized hippie culture, leading to the legendary Summer of Love on the West Coast of the United States, and the 1969 Woodstock Festival on the East Coast.
Originally, hippies were part of a youth movement composed mostly of white teenagers and young adults, between the ages of 15 and 25 years old, who inherited a tradition of cultural dissent from the Bohemians and the beatniks.
Hippies rejected established institutions, criticized middle class values, opposed nuclear weapons, opposed the Vietnam War, embraced aspects of Eastern religions, championed sexual liberation, promoted the use of psychedelic drugs to expand one's consciousness, and created intentional communities.
They used alternative arts, street theatre, folk music, and psychedelic rock as a part of their lifestyle, and as a way of expressing their feelings, their protests, and their vision of the world and life.
Hippies opposed political and social orthodoxy, choosing a gentle ideology that favored peace, love, and personal freedom, perhaps best characterized by The Beatles' song "All You Need is Love".
The legacy of the hippie movement continues to permeate Western society.